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30 cm Water Content Reflectometer
The CS616 measures the volumetric water content (VWC) of porous media (such as soil) from 0% to saturation. The probe outputs a megahertz oscillation frequency, which is scaled down and easily read by a Campbell Scientific data logger.
Benefits and Features
- Compatible with most Campbell Scientific data loggers
- High accuracy and high precision
- Fast response time
- Designed for long-term unattended water content monitoring
- Compatible with AM16/32-series multiplexers, allowing measurement of multiple sensors
- Probe rods can be inserted from the surface or buried at any orientation to the surface.
The CS616 is comprised of two 30-cm-long stainless-steel rods connected to the measurement electronics. The circuit board is encapsulated in epoxy, and a shielded four-conductor cable is connected to the circuit board to supply power, enable the probe, and monitor the output.
The CS616 uses the time-domain measurement method to measure VWC; a reflectometer (cable tester) such as the TDR200 is not required. This method consists of the CS616 generating an electromagnetic pulse. The elapsed travel time and pulse reflection are then measured and used to calculate soil volumetric water content.
The signal propagating along the parallel rods of the CS616 is attenuated by free ions in the soil solution and conductive constituents of the soil mineral fraction. In most applications, the attenuation is not enough to affect the CS616 response to changing water content, and the response is well described by the standard calibration. However, in soil with relatively high soil electrical conductivity levels, compacted soils, or soils with high clay content, the calibration should be adjusted for the specific medium. Guidance for making these adjustments is provided in the instruction manual.
|Measurements Made||Volumetric water content of porous media (such as soil)|
|Water Content Accuracy||±2.5% VWC (using standard calibration with bulk EC of ≤ 0.5 dS m-1, bulk density of ≤ 1.55 g cm-3, and measurement range of 0% to 50% VWC)|
|Required Equipment||Measurement system|
|Soil Suitability||Long rods and lower frequency are well-suited for soft soil with low electrical conductivity (< 2 dS/m).|
|Operational Temperature||0° to +70°C|
|Probe-to-Probe Variability||±0.5% VWC in dry soil, ±1.5% VWC in typical saturated soil|
|Precision||Better than 0.1% VWC|
|Output||±0.7 V square wave (with frequency dependent on water content)|
|Power Supply Voltage||5 Vdc minimum; 18 Vdc maximum|
|Enable Voltage||4 Vdc minimum; 18 Vdc maximum|
|Electromagnetic||CE compliant (Meets EN61326 requirements for protection against electrostatic discharge.)|
|Rod Spacing||32 mm (1.3 in.)|
|Rod Diameter||3.2 mm (0.13 in.)|
|Rod Length||300 mm (11.8 in.)|
|Probe Head Dimensions||85 x 63 x 18 mm (3.3 x 2.5 x 0.7 in.)|
|Cable Weight||35 g per m (0.38 oz per ft)|
|Weight||280 g (9.9 oz) without cable|